Bronchial placement of nasogastric tube (teaching)

Case contributed by UoE Radiology

Presentation

Stroke patient - nasogastric tube confirmation for unsafe swallow.

Patient Data

Gender: Female

Incorrectly positioned nasogastric tube - the tube enters rotated film in midline, but tube (yellow) does not cross the carina (blue), following the course of the right bronchus.

This should be removed as soon as able, and must not be used for feeding.

Case Discussion

This is an example of one of the main risks with nasogastric tube insertion.

Due to the close relation of the openings of the oesophagus and the trachea, it is far too easy for NG tubes to pass into the respiratory system.

Remember too that on a CXR, the lung bases sit well below the projected level of the diaphragm so it is not safe to use unless the tube travels down the midline.

If this is not quickly recognised, and the tubes are used for medication or feeding, the patient is at significant risk of aspiration, pneumonitis and death.

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Case originally uploaded by Dr Derek Smith and available here.

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Case information

rID: 39477
Case created: 6th Sep 2015
Last edited: 6th Sep 2015
System: Chest
Inclusion in quiz mode: Excluded

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