Case contributed by Dr T Menezes


Scalp swelling

Patient Data

Age: 2 days
Gender: Male

Fluid collection deep to dermis and superficial to skull. It does not cross suture lines. 

Case Discussion

Cephalohaematoma is a subperiosteal haematoma, limited by suture lines, that usually develops after delivery using instruments. The periosteum of the involved bone, usually parietal or occipital bone, is elevated by the underlying hematoma. There are usually no associated skull fractures and they resolve on their own. Large cephalohematomas may occur with vitamin K deficiency in the newborn.

Swelling of the scalp may also be seen with caput succedaneum (subcutaneous edema and/or hemorrhage) and subgaleal hemorrhage (subaponeurotic hemorrhage). These conditions are more superficial and extend more widely over the skull because they are not limited by the attachments of the periosteum. 

PlayAdd to Share

Case information

rID: 33120
Published: 6th Nov 2017
Last edited: 6th Nov 2017
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

Updating… Please wait.

Alert accept

Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.