Cerebral vasculitis

Case contributed by Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard


Unfortunately no clinical history is available.

Patient Data

Age: Adult

MRI brain

MRI of the brain demonstrates extensive patchy T2 bright white matter change, with involvement also of the posterior limb of the internal capsule. No enhancement.

Case Discussion

Unfortunately I have lost the clinical details of this patient, and all I have available is the results of a dural and brain biopsy, which is non-specific, suggests possible vasculitis, and importantly does not demonstrate any evidence of demyelination, which on imaging would certainly be a possibility. 


These biopsies are indicative of the inflammatory process, of chronic duration, that is not associated with an identifiable microbiologic agent such as acid-fast bacilli, fungi, or toxoplasmosis. The pattern of the inflammatory infiltrate that focally involves vessel walls may be a part of the spectrum of a vasculitic process, either primary or secondary. There was no evidence of a demyelinating disease process. Please correlate these findings with the results of microbiologic studies

Final Diagnosis

  1. dura: no pathologic diagnosis; crushed (?lymphoid cells)
  2. brain, leptomeninges and cortex: chronic leptomeningitis and possible vasculitis
  3. brain, superficial and deep white matter: chronic encephalomyelitis
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Case information

rID: 5131
Published: 8th Dec 2008
Last edited: 2nd Nov 2019
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included