Combined flexion-extension cervical spine fractures with traumatic spinal cord injury

Case contributed by Dr Henry Knipe

Presentation

Motor vehicle collision. Shock with systolic pressure 65 mmHg.

Patient Data

Age: 45 years
Gender: Male

Spinous process fractures from C4-C7, with the C7 fracture extending to the laminae and inferior articular processes. 

Extension teardrop fracture of the antero-inferior T1 vertebral body. Central canal remains capacious with no facet joint dislocation. Prevertebral haematoma and gas extending into the superior mediastinum.

Right first rib fracture. Left pneumothorax. 

C4-C7 spinous process fractures. Antero-inferior T1 vertebral body fracture with ALL disruption. Further ALL disruption at C6/7 and C7/T1.Disruption of ligamentum flavum at C7/T1. Nuchal ligament disruption/tear from C2-T1, T3-T5. 

Cervical cord is expanded with oedema and multifocal contusions from C2 to C7. 

Prevertebral haematoma.

Case Discussion

Initially this patient's shock was thought to be haemorrhagic as there were pelvic fractures on the initial trauma series. CT showed no significant haemorrhage, and "spinal shock" was then suspected, which is a type of neurogenic shock occurs when there is disruption of motor, sensory, and sympathetic autonomic function.

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Case Information

rID: 47378
Case created: 13th Aug 2016
Last edited: 26th Aug 2016
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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