Complete hydatidiform mole

Case contributed by Dr Rengarajan R

Presentation

Abdominal pain and amenorrhoea

Patient Data

Age: 30 years
Gender: Female
Ultrasound

Transabdominal ultrasound showed an enlarged uterus with fluid filled vesicles. No fetal parts seen.

Case Discussion

A complete hydatiform is a type of molar pregnancy

A molar pregnancy is a gestational trophoblastic disease that grows into a mass in the uterus with hydropic chorionic villi. On ultrasound, the mole resembles a bunch of grapes ("cluster of grapes" or "honeycombed uterus" or "snow-storm"). Hydatidiform moles should be treated by evacuating the uterus by uterine suction or by surgical curettage as soon as possible after diagnosis, in order to avoid the risks of choriocarcinoma. Patients are followed up until their serum human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) level has fallen to an undetectable level. More than 80% of hydatidiform moles are benign. The outcome after treatment is usually excellent. Close follow-up is essential. Highly effective means of contraception are recommended to avoid pregnancy for at least 6 to 12 months. In 10 to 15% of cases, hydatidiform moles may develop into invasive moles and in less than 5% of cases, hydatidiform moles may develop into choriocarcinoma.

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Case information

rID: 23843
Case created: 12th Jul 2013
Last edited: 13th Nov 2017
System: Obstetrics
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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