Congenital middle finger and thumb-in-palm deformities
Bilateral hand joints deformity and contraction since birth.
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Bilateral flexion deformity at the proximal interphalangeal joint of the 3rd finger. Bilateral flexion deformity at the interphalangeal joint of thumb finger (clasped thumb).
These congenital deformities can present as isolated deformities, as part of congenital ulnar drift (CUD) of the hand, or associated with congenital syndromes like Freeman-Sheldon syndrome or arthrogryposis multiplex congenita.
- Al-Harthy A, Rayan GM. Congenital flexion deformity of the middle finger and sagittal band hypoplasia. (2003) The Journal of hand surgery. 28 (1): 123-9. doi:10.1053/jhsu.2003.50001 - Pubmed
- Rayan G.M., Upton III J. (2014) Congenital Middle Finger in Palm. In: Congenital Hand Anomalies and Associated Syndromes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg