Craniosynostosis - plagiocephaly

Case contributed by Dr Fakhry Mahmoud Ebouda

Presentation

Abnormal head shape during growth.

Patient Data

Age: 8 years
Gender: Male
X-ray

premature closure of the right coronal suture.

 

Case Discussion

Craniosynostosis is premature closure of the cranial sutures.Causes may be primary or secondary to certain haematologic,metabolic disorders or bone dysplasia and syndromes.The most common is premature closure of the sagittal suture.Plagiocephaly occurs owing to premature closure of one of the coronal suture.

Differential diagnosis:

It should not be confused with positional plagiocephaly that results from external pressure and from hemimegalencephaly that shows hypertrophy of one cerebral hemisphere (commonly the left) with cortical dysplasia and ipsilateral ventricular dialalation. The overlying clavrium is thickened.

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Case information

rID: 26880
Case created: 11th Jan 2014
Last edited: 11th Mar 2016
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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