Distal femoral metastasis from non-small cell lung carcinoma

Case contributed by Dr Matthew Lukies

Presentation

Referred for CT of the knee due to persistent pain despite an unremarkable plain x-ray.

Patient Data

Age: 50 years
Gender: Female
  • increased blood pool and osteoblastic activity demonstrated in the lytic medial femoral condyle lesion
  • foci of increased tracer uptake in the anterior left 2nd-4th ribs indicative of increased osteoblastic activity (given the alignment of these foci of uptake, they were thought to be more likely due to fracture rather than metastases)

The lesion in the medial femoral condyle is:

  • T1 hypointense, T2 mildly hyperintense
  • expansile; breaching the anterior and lateral cortex
  • heterogeneously gadolinium enhancing

Small knee joint effusion.

The lesion was also noted to have grown in size since the CT (performed one month prior).

  • poorly defined spiculated mass lesion located medially within the right upper lobe of lung, suspicious for primary lung carcinoma
  • smaller peripheral nodule in the peripheral right upper lobe
  • mediastinal lymphadenopathy
  • upper lobe predominant centrilobular and paraseptal emphysema
  • cortical lesions within the left anterior upper ribs correlating to the bone scan findings

CT imaging of the abdomen and pelvis was unremarkable.

Case Discussion

Given the knee pain, the patient in this case underwent resection of the distal femoral lesion and total knee replacement. Histopathological examination confirmed that the lesion in the medial femoral condyle was a metastasis from lung squamous cell carcinoma.

This case demonstrates an uncommon presentation of metastasis to the distal femur from primary lung carcinoma. A distal bone metastasis is more likely to be from a lung primary tumour, since a lung tumour can directly enter the pulmonary venous system, flowing through into the systemic arterial circulation.

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Case information

rID: 57058
Case created: 5th Dec 2017
Last edited: 7th Dec 2017
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included
Institution: Alfred Hospital

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