A well being child till an encephalitis attack 4 years ago, followed by progressive right side weakness and recent onset of seizure.
Loading Stack -
0 images remaining
CT demonstrates left cerebral hemiatrophy, dilated left lateral ventricle and Wallerian degeneration of the left cerebral peduncle, bone window shows hypertrophied calvarium more on the left side with dilated left frontal and ethmoidal sinuses. The right temporal and parietal lobes demonstrate encephalomalacia with dilated right temporal horn. Multiple areas of dystrophic gyral calcification are demonstrated on both sides.
A healthy child with history of encephalitis 4 years ago now describes progressive right side weakness and intractable seizures. The CT findings, history and clinical presentation fit the criteria of Dyke-Davidoff-Masson syndrome.
The etiology of the syndrome is abnormal insult that happens either intrauterine or early in life results in hypoplasia / atrophy of a cerebral hemisphere. The main differential of the syndrome is Rasmussen encephalitis which isn't characterized by hypertrophied skull and Sturge-Weber syndrome which was excluded by the normal pre insult imaging findings.