Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNET)
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MRI through the temporal lobes of a patient with seizures demonstrates a high T2, low T1 region within the anterior mesial temporal lobe on the right. The central high T2 region does not attenuate on FLAIR.
In cystic cortical tumors involving the temporal lobe, the general differential diagnosis includes:
The patient went on to have a resection.
Sections of the mesial structures show no evidence of mesial temporal sclerosis, or of significant dysplasia of the hippocampal formation. A dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor is identified within white matter with focal extension within proximity of the dentate gyrus. The tumor is characterized by microcystic elements, scattered neurons, and oligodendroglial like cells that are occasionally organized in delicate cord-like structures. Features of cerebral microdysgenesis are evident in close proximity to the tumor, represented by small nodular aggregates of oligodendroglial like cells, and focal aggregates of neurons. Numerous corpora amylacea are observed within subpial regions, particularly in the vicinity of CA2.