Revision 1 for 'Elongated hook-like xiphoid process'

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Elongated hook-like xiphoid process

There is considerable anatomic variation in the shape of the xiphoid of the sternum:

  • xiphoid ending is classified as single, double, or triple.
  • xiphoid size varies (e.g. elongated process)
  • xiphoid morphology (e.g. ventral or dorsal deviation, hook-like, reverse S-shape).

Clinical presentation

Elongated and ventrally-deviated xiphoid process might mimic an epigastric mass and cause pain


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