Emphysema

Case contributed by Dr Ian Bickle

Presentation

Retired female, heavy smoker. Shortness of breath on exertion.

Patient Data

Age: 66
Gender: Female
X-ray

The lungs are markedly hyperinflated.

Flattening of the diaphragm.

Bullous change in the left upper lobe.

The heart has an elongated appearance.

Case Discussion

Emphysema is one end of the spectrum of findings in COPD.  The disease is usually quite pronounced by the time the typical appearances are evidence on a plain radiograph.

In this case the hyperinflated nature of the lungs is very readily apparent. The lucency and sparsity of bronchovascular markings in the upper left hemithorax indicates the disease is most pronounced in the left upper lobe.

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Case information

rID: 50326
Case created: 30th Dec 2016
Last edited: 16th Jul 2017
System: Chest
Tag: rdgh
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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