Emphysematous pyelonephritis and cystitis
Abdominal pain, fever.
Loading Stack -
0 images remaining
Extensive parenchymal gas throughout the entire left kidney and most of the right kidney. Small amounts of pneumoretroperitoneum bilaterally. Gas within the left renal vein, IVC, right ventricle, and portal veins. Small ascites. Small locules of gas throughout the bladder wall.
Very severe presentation of bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis and cystitis. Air has extended into the retroperitoneum and systemic and portal veins. The renal involvement is severe and life-threatening, while the bladder involvement only indicates infection by a gas-forming organism (most commonly E. coli) but does not carry a grim prognosis. While emphysematous pyelonephritis is often managed with urgent nephrectomy, medical management was pursued in this case due to the bilateral involvement and poor outcomes expected with bilateral nephrectomies.