Endometriosis - hematosalpinx
Citation, DOI & case data
Preoperative endometriosis mapping. A prior ultrasound has diagnosed endometriosis, referred to an endometriosis subspecialist surgeon for operative opinion and you're asked to report an MRI but nobody included the prior imaging report in the referral, or where it was done.
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ANTERIOR COMPARTMENT: normal.
Uterus: Anteverted anteflexed 67 mm long with normal morphology. Endometrium 5 mm thin
and regular. Junctional zone not thickened. No myometrial lesions. Reduced mobility.
Ovaries: No endometrioma.
Fallopian tubes: There is a left hematosalpinx, with the dilated tube contents homogeneous
T1 bright, T2 shaded, inseparable from the left ovary and left uterosacral ligament and posterior uterus.
Rectosigmoid colon: Minimal superficial tethering.
Pouch of Douglas: Minimal superficial tethering.
Torus uterinus: Superficial linear T2 dark fibrotic thickening without tethering of the adjacent
Uterosacral ligaments: normal.
Rectovaginal septum: normal.
INCIDENTAL FINDINGS: None.
4 case questions available
Left hematosalpinx. Fallopian tubes are readily demonstrated on MRI as tubular structures with incomplete septa and can be filled with fluid (hydrosalpinx), blood (hematosalpinx) or pus (pyosalpinx).
- WES, I. working group of A., ESGE, ESHRE and et al. An International Terminology for Endometriosis, 2021. J Minim Invas Gyn L (2021) doi:10.1016/j.jmig.2021.08.032.
- Yap, S. Z. L., Leathersich, S., Lu, J., Fender, L. & Lo, G. Pelvic MRI staging of endometriosis at 3 T without patient preparation or anti-peristaltic: Diagnostic performance outcomes. Eur J Radiol 105, 72–80 (2018).
- Fan, J., McDonnell, R., Jacques, A., Fender, L. & Lo, G. MRI sliding sign: Using MRI to assess rectouterine mobility in pelvic endometriosis. J Med Imag Radiat On 66, 54–59 (2022).