Epidural spinal cord compression scale (illustration)

Case contributed by Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
  • grade 0: bone-only disease
  • grade 1: epidural extension without cord compression
    • a: epidural extension only (no deformation of the thecal sac)
    • b: deformation of thecal sac, without spinal cord abutment
    • c: deformation of the thecal sac, with spinal cord abutment
  • grade 2: spinal cord compression, with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) visible around the cord
  • grade 3: spinal cord compression, no CSF visible around the cord

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