Extradural haematoma

Case contributed by Dr Andrew Dixon

Presentation

Head trauma

Patient Data

Age: 60
Gender: Male

This case featured in our 2016 Trauma Radiology Course which is now available to view online.

CT Brain

Modality: CT

Very large left sided extradural haematoma which underlies the parietal bone and the occipital bone with fracture diastasis of the left lambdoid suture. The haemorrhage therefore has both supratentorial and infratentorial extension pushing the origin of the tentorium inward. There is marked midline shift to the right and compression of the midbrain due to uncal herniation. Haemorrhage within the markedly effaced and displaced left lateral ventricle. The left cerebellar tonsil descends through the foramen magnum without causing compression of the cervicomedullary junction. Several small left cerebral / basal ganglia intraparenchymal haemorrhages are seen. Swirling low density within the generally hyperdense extradural collection is consistent with ongoing arterial bleeding. A left petrous temporal bone fracture is present, accounting for the locules of intracranial gas within the haematoma. 

Case Discussion

Large left sided extradural haematoma producing substantial mass effect with compression of the midbrain. While extradural haematoma do not often cross cranial sutures, they can if there is fracture disruption of the suture as in this case. This case also demonstrates nicely how extradural haemorrhage does not extend along dural reflections, but instead pushes the origin of the dural folds inward. 

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Case Information

rID: 32391
Case created: 25th Nov 2014
Last edited: 7th Feb 2017
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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