Fibromuscular dysplasia (right renal artery)

Case contributed by Chris O'Donnell
Diagnosis almost certain


Refractory hypertension despite maximal medical therapy.

Patient Data

Age: 45
Gender: Female

Localized gross turbulence and increased peak systolic velocity to 600 cm/sec in the proximal right renal artery (with normal origin and more distal renal artery profiles).

Left renal artery has normal flow velocities.

Typical "beaded" appearance to the right renal artery as seen in fibromuscular dysplasia. Note that the right kidney is a little smaller than the left and that the left renal artery is normal as are other branches of the abdominal aorta.

Case Discussion

Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a non-atherosclerotic, non-inflammatory vascular disease that causes abnormal growth within the vessel wall. It can involve the intima, media or adventitia.

The medial type is characterized by thickening of the media with collagen formation. It accounts for the vast majority of cases.

How to use cases

You can use Radiopaedia cases in a variety of ways to help you learn and teach.

Creating your own cases is easy.

Updating… Please wait.

 Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

 Thank you for updating your details.