Fibrothorax with pleural thickening

Case contributed by Dr Bruno Di Muzio


Patients with a history of pleural tuberculosis for more than ten years ago.

Patient Data

Age: 73
Gender: Male

CT Chest

CT scan shows extensive pleural thickening at level of lower right hemithorax, which is decreased in volume. Note pleural thickening with heterogeneous attenuation with calcifications.

Case Discussion

Tuberculous pleuritis often leaves sequelae ranging from minimal pleural thickening, seen as obliteration of the costophrenic sulcus, to severe thickening, seen as fibrous tissue and calcification encompassing and restricting the lung and referred to as fibrothorax. Fibrothorax may be associated with extensive volume loss of the ipsilateral lung and even with ventilatory impairment1

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Case information

rID: 17417
Published: 11th Apr 2012
Last edited: 6th Sep 2015
System: Chest
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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