Glioblastoma: splenium

Case contributed by Royal Melbourne Hospital

Presentation

Right upper limb weakness.

Patient Data

Age: 80
Gender: Male
Modality: CT

Expansion of the splenium of the corpus callosum and extending into the parietal lobe on the left by a mass which is slightly hyperdense pre contrast and is surrounded by vasogenic oedema, particularly on the left. Following administration of contrast it demonstrates minor irregular enhancement. 

Modality: MRI

MRI better characterises the lesion, and shows it to be of low signal intensity on T1 weighted sequences and heterogeneous intensity on T2 weighted images with ares of high signal centrally (necrosis). 

Contrast enhancement is prominent but heterogeneous and predominantly peripheral. The solid components demonstrate restricted diffusion, suggesting high cellularity. 

Case Discussion

The patient went on to have a biopsy which confirmed the diagnosis of GBM. 

Pathology 

MICROSCOPIC DESCRIPTION: The sections show fragments of cerebral cortex and white matter with reactive changes. In addition however there are fragments of a densely hypercellular astrocytic glioma. Within these fragments, tumour cells show marked nuclear and cellular pleomorphism. Frequent mitotic figures are identified and there are prominent foci of endothelial cell hyperplasia. Both palisaded and confluent necrosis are also identified. Some of these areas of necrosis include thin walled necrotic and thrombosed blood vessels. The features are of glioblastoma.

DIAGNOSIS: Glioblastoma (WHO Grade IV).

Notes

This case was part of Royal Melbourne Hospital Radiology Department Quiz (May 2011). 

Case discussion by: Dr Frank Gaillard, consultant neuroradiologist, Royal Melbourne Hospital. 

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Case Information

rID: 13716
Case created: 9th May 2011
Last edited: 10th Sep 2015
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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