Glomus tumor of the finger
Citation, DOI and case data
Thumb subungal mass with painful and bluish discoloration.
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In the subungual area of the terminal phalanx of the thumb there’s a little solid nodule with regular margins, hypointense on T1-, hyperintense on T2-weighted image, with homogeneous contrast uptake. There is no erosion of the bone cortex.
Transungual resection was performed to remove tumor.
Circumscribed tumor with cords, nests of glomus cells surrounding intricate vascular network. Cuboidal monomorphic glomus cells with round nuclei. Intervening stroma is edematous, myxoid, and shows numerous mast cells.
Glomus tumor is a benign tumor that originates in the glomus, which is an arterio-venous shunt involved in body temperature regulation. Glomus tumor is typically characterized with triad: intermittent pain, tenderness and the pain is reproduced when the lesion is placed in the cold water. Most glomus tumors are benign. On MR imaging glomus tumor is isointense on T1- and hyper-intense on T2-weighted images, with homogenous enhancement after contrast.
Radiographer: TSRM Fabio Imola
- Faruch Bilfeld M, Lapègue F, Brun C, Bakouche S, Bayol MA, Chiavassa-Gandois H, Sans N. Tumors and pseudotumors of the hand: The role of imaging. (2015) Diagnostic and interventional imaging. 96 (12): 1293-306. doi:10.1016/j.diii.2015.09.011 - Pubmed
- Kim DH. Glomus tumor of the finger tip and MRI appearance. (1999) The Iowa orthopaedic journal. 19: 136-8. Pubmed