Haemangioblastoma

Case contributed by A.Prof Frank Gaillard

Presentation

Headache

Patient Data

Age: 70
Gender: Female
MRI

A cystic mass in the right cerebellar hemisphere with an eccentric peripheral nodule is present, associated with some oedema, but not obstructive hydrocephalus.  A number of prominent flow voids are present laterally, best seen on T2. 

Conclusion

The most likely diagnosis is that of a hemangioblastoma, although in this age group a metastasis should also be considered. 

Case Discussion

MICROSCOPIC DESCRIPTION:

Paraffin sections show an intensely vascular moderately hypercellular tumour within cerebellum. Vascular spaces vary from large thin-walled sinusoidal structures down to thin-walled capillaries. The latter enclose lobules of cells with uniform round and oval vesicular nuclei and a variable amount of foamy cytoplasm. No mitotic figures or areas of necrosis are identified. Immunohistochemistry shows patchy moderately strong staining in tumour cells for Inhibin. No staining for CD10 or cytokeratins CAM5.2 or AE1/AE3 is seen in tumour cells. The features are of cerebellar capillary haemangioblastoma.

FINAL DIAGNOSIS: Right CP angle lesion: Capillary haemangioblastoma (WHO Grade 1).

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Case information

rID: 32093
Case created: 13th Nov 2014
Last edited: 13th Jul 2016
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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