Haemangioblastoma - late recurrence

Case contributed by Dr Bruno Di Muzio

Presentation

The patient was referred to this service due a cerebral mass found on CT scan. No further clinical data.

Patient Data

Age: 54-year-old
Gender: Female
MRI

MRI Brain + MRA

Technique: Pre and post contrast study including MRA and postcontrast brainlab sequence performed.

Findings:  Irregular cystic lesion centred in the left cerebellar hemisphere measures 3.5 x 4.6 x 3.1 cm (AP x ML x SI). This demonstrates a 15 x 7 mm enhancing nodule at the anterior margin, abutting the pial surface, and contains a single thin internal septation. Thin margin of FLAIR hyperintensity with some subtle signal abnormality in the distorted left posterolateral medulla. Minimal appreciable rim enhancement. No evidence of haemorrhage.The lesion results in positive mass effect upon the medulla and fourth ventricle but without hydrocephalus.

The non-dominant left vertebral artery courses immediately inferior to the mass with the tortuous basilar artery lying anteriorly to and separate from the mass.

Scattered supratentorial white matter T2 hyperintensities are most consistent with moderate for age small vessel ischaemic change. A few punctate foci are also noted within the pons. No other intra or extra-axial mass nor abnormal enhancement, in particular, no abnormal enhancement is seen in the upper cervical cord or retina.

Conclusion: Solitary cystic lesion left cerebellar hemisphere with enhancing mural nodule abutting the pial surface. Appearances are quite typical for haemangioblastoma, however metastasis remains an important differential.​

The patient was submitted to a resection surgery that confirmed the diagnosis considered on the MRI study. After that surveillance MRI exams were proposed. 

MRI

MRI Brain (4 years later)

 

Technique: Multiplanar, multisequence imaging has been obtained through the brain including pre and post contrast sequences.

Findings: Left-sided occipital craniotomy with expected post-operative change and prominent gliosis of the cerebellar hemisphere is again noted, with an enhancing nodule nestled between the medulla and the left cerebral hemisphere. On today's examination the nodule measures 10 x 12 x 16 mm compared to 9 x 9 x 14 mm one year ago (remeasured).

 

Extensive patchy white matter T2 signal hyperintensity is similar, with no abnormal restricted diffusion. No abnormal enhancement elsewhere, with the remainder of the brain appearing unremarkable.

On T2 axial imaging there appears to be a right-sided middle cerebral artery trifurcation aneurysm (4 x 3 mm). No prior vascular imaging is available.

Conclusion: Enhancing left cerebellar medullary angle nodule continues to slowly growing consistent with recurrent/residual tumour.

Probable right middle cerebral artery bifurcated aneurysm. This does not appear to have altered when compared to imaging from 2011 but warrants dedicated vascular imaging (CTA / MRA) if clinically indicated.

Case Discussion

This case illustrates a pathologically proven cerebellar haemangioblastoma that recurred after complete surgical resection (exams in between were not shown in this case). Recurrence in those tumours can be observed in up to a quarter of the cases. 

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Case information

rID: 41441
Case created: 1st Dec 2015
Last edited: 6th Jan 2016
Tag: rmh
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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