HIV encephalitis

Case contributed by Hani Makky Al Salam


HIV positive patient with subacute behavioral changes and dementia.

Patient Data

Age: 35 years
Gender: Male

Note: This case has been tagged as "legacy" as it no longer meets image preparation and/or other case publication guidelines.

MRI brain and spine


There is significant generalized volume loss, marked for a patient in their 30s, with extensive bilateral white matter increased T2 signal. No enhancement.

Cervical spine


T2 weighted images of the spine demonstrate bilateral dorsolateral column high T2 signal suggestive of vacuolar myelopathy of the dorsal columns also HIV related. 

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