Citation, DOI, disclosures and case data
Recurrent urinary tract infections.
Both kidneys are malrotated, fused at their lower poles forming a parenchymal bridge (isthmus) crossing the midline anterior to the aorta and IVC at L2-L3 level. Mild dilatation of the renal cavities and ureters.
CT features of Horseshoe kidney.
Horseshoe kidney is considered as the most common type of renal fusion anomaly. On imaging, especially on ultrasound, the parenchymal isthmus crossing the midline anterior to the aorta and IVC should not be mistaken for a midline retroperitoneal mass such as lymphoma or metastatic lymphadenopathy.