Iatrogenic renal arteriovenous fistula treated with coil embolisation
Persistent hematuria after percutaneous lithotripsy and nephrostomy.
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An arteriovenous fistula from a proximal renal artery bifurcation.
Renal AV fistulas are rare complications from percutaneous lithotripsy, occurring in about 1-4% of cases.
This patient had percutaneous lithotripsy treatment for of coraliform calculi with nephrostomy tube placement. After the nephrostomy tube was withdrawn, there was severe haematuria requiring packed red blood cells transfusion. After embolisation, the bleeding ceased and the patient was discharged.
- 1. Dagli, Mandeep, and Parvati Ramchandani. “Percutaneous Nephrostomy: Technical Aspects and Indications.” Seminars in Interventional Radiology 28.4 (2011): 424–437. PMC. Web. 20 Aug. 2015.