Inhaled foreign body

Case contributed by Dr Jeremy Jones

Presentation

Acute onset respiratory distress while playing in the front yard.

Patient Data

Age: 18 months
Gender: Male
X-ray

Both lungs are well expanded and there is no focal collapse or consolidation. There is slightly increased density over the left hilum. 

X-ray

A radiopaque foreign body is demonstrated projected over the left hilum. There is consequent air-trapping confirming the obstruction.

Case Discussion

Concern here was for an inhaled foreign body. A frontal radiograph demonstrates slight differential transradience between the left and right hemithorax.

Where there is uncertainty about the underlying cause, an expiratory film may be sought in patients who can co-operate. An 18 month old cannot and another solution needs to be considered.

Bilateral decubitus lateral films allows assessment of air-trapping caused by an inhaled foreign body. The expectation is that the dependant lung will collapse partially in the normal patient. Where there is an obstructive foreign body there will be air-trapping and hyperlucency of the dependant lung.

In this case, the lateral also highlighted the radiodense stone obstructing the left main bronchus which was barely visible on the frontal projection.

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Case information

rID: 26866
Case created: 11th Jan 2014
Last edited: 12th Oct 2017
System: Paediatrics
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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