Internal carotid artery hypoplasia

Case contributed by Dr Ayaz Hidayatov

Presentation

Young female presented with a headache and diplopia since a week.

Patient Data

Age: 20-30
Gender: Female

On MR the signal intensity of brain parenchyma is normal.

No evidence of intracranial hemorrhage or no early signs of ischemia on DW images.

The posterior fossa appears unremarkable.

On T2 weighted images, there is a loss of vascular flow void in the intracranial segments of the left internal carotid artery.

CTA shows all segments of the left ICA were hypoplastic. The caliber of the left common carotid artery and the external carotid artery was smaller than right.

Axial CT images at the level of the skull base demonstrate the small and hypoplastic left carotid canal.

Case Discussion

Internal carotid artery (ICA) hypoplasia is extremely rare congenital anomaly. In most of cases ICA hypoplasia discovered incidentally and usually is asymphtomatic.

The most important radiologic landmark is the carotid canal. In ICA hypoplasia carotid canal presence but reduced in caliber, and in ICA aplasia is completely absent. 

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Case information

rID: 55985
Case created: 4th Oct 2017
Last edited: 4th Nov 2017
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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