Intrauterine adhesions (with arcuate uterus and nonfilling of right Fallopian tube)

Case contributed by Dr Matt A. Morgan

Presentation

Secondary infertility. Patient has history of three prior dilatation and curettage procedures.

Patient Data

Age: 45-50Y
Gender: Female

The uterine cavity is markedly irregular and constricted, compatible with adhesions from prior D&C procedures.

There is also a marked indentation into the uterine cavity at the fundus, which is nonspecific on the hysterosalpingogram, and could represent a large fibroid, an arcuate or septate uterus, or even a bicornuate uterus. A correlative ultrasound (not shown) did not show a large fundal fibroid or a bicornuate configuration, so the indentation is compatible with an arcuate uterus.

There is also non-filling of the right Fallopian tube. The left Fallopian tube fills and spills normally.

Case Discussion

Intrauterine adhesions/synechiae can have a wide variety of appearances, from irregularity of the walls of the endometrium (as in this example) to gross adhesions between the walls, or even elimination of nearly the entire uterine cavity by scar.

One of the possible sequelae of intrauterine adhesions is infertility. It can also result in amenorrhea or chronic pelvic pain.

Adhesions most often occur as a sequelae of instrumentation (as in this case). Pelvic inflammatory disease or intrauterine tuberculosis may also result in adhesions.

PlayAdd to Share

Case Information

rID: 41481
Case created: 3rd Dec 2015
Last edited: 8th May 2016
System: Gynaecology
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

Updating… Please wait.
Loadinganimation

Alert accept

Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.