Intraventricular cyst (giant)

Case contributed by Dr Andrei Tsoriev

Presentation

Increasingly odd behavior. Previous CT suggested an intracranial cystic lesion

Patient Data

Age: 60 years old
Gender: Female
MRI

Large ovoid cystic mass, 70mm in diameter located within the lateral ventricle, located near the trigone, results in contralateral midline shift of 15mm and prominent left temporal horn dilatation. There is moderate periventricular oedema (transependemal CSF spread) due to obstruction to CSF outflow. 

Multiple foci of small microangiopathy and a microbleed within the right parietal lobe.

Case Discussion

This patient was referred for MRI investigation of a suspected intracranial cystic mass, after initially presenting with bizarre behaviour. MRI demonstrates a large simple intraventricular cyst compressing the left hippocampus, which may be the cause of the patient's symptomatology.

The origin of these cysts is uncertain and can arise from a number of structures. Some are arachnoid cysts whereas others ependymal cysts, neuroepithelial cysts or very large choroid plexus cysts. Distinguishing between them on imaging is impossible. 

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Case information

rID: 49165
Case created: 13th Nov 2016
Last edited: 22nd Nov 2016
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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