Intraventricular neurocysticercosis resulting in acute hydrocephalus

Case contributed by Dr Gagandeep Choudhary

Presentation

Young male presenting with headache followed by altered sensorium.

Cysticercosis with scolex lodged at aqueduct causing hydrocephalus.

Various stages and locations of neurocysticercosis.

Case Discussion

Cysticercosis is currently considered the most common parasitic disease of the CNS. In about 10% of neurocysticercosis cases, the cysts are found within the cerebral ventricles or in cisterns. The lesions are usually clinically silent until obstruction occurs, secondary to either the location of the cystic lesion or associated ependymitis caused by adjacent granulomatous response. The most common symptoms are related to hydrocephalus. The onset of symptoms, including headache, vomiting, seizures, can be rather sudden and can result in death. A degenerating cyst can cause symptoms of meningitis. Cisternal cysts can act like brain tumors, causing symptoms due to compression of the brain. The symptoms will depend upon which part of the brain is affected.

4 stages of cysticercosis on imaging:

  • vesicular cyst - Well-defined scolex, minimal contrast enhancement and mass effect
  • colloidal cyst - Ring enhancement and perilesional edema
  • nodular/granular stage - Nodule with diffuse enhancement and no cystic component
  • calcified stage - Multiple punctuate calcifications

location in CNS:

  • intraventricular
  • subarachnoid
  • parenchymal
  • orbital
  • spinal
PlayAdd to Share

Case information

rID: 10847
Case created: 27th Sep 2010
Last edited: 5th Nov 2015
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

Updating… Please wait.
Loadinganimation

Alert accept

Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.