Klebsiella pneumonia

Case contributed by Dr Yune Kwong

Presentation

Tachypnoeic and febrile

Patient Data

Age: 62
Gender: Female
X-ray

Extensive right upper lobe consolidation, with bulging of the horizontal fissure.

 Sputum analysis grew Klebsiella pneumoniae.

Case Discussion

Klebsiella pneumoniae is a gram negative organism that usually affects people with alcoholism or chronic debilitating diseases (similar to other gram -ve pneumonias). On CXR, consolidation is lobar and resembles streptococcus pneumonia. Lobar expansion (e.g. bulging of the horizontal fissure in this case) is less common nowadays with modern antibiotic treatment. Also, lobar expansion is not specific for Klebsiella infection.

A helpful feature which may help to distinguish from pneumococcal pneumonia is that Klebsiella pneumonia develops cavitation in 30-50% of cases. This occurs early and progresses quickly. Massive necrosis (pulmonary gangrene) is a recognised complication. In comparison, cavitation is rare in pneumococcal pneumonia.

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Case information

rID: 29375
Case created: 20th May 2014
Last edited: 13th Jul 2017
System: Chest
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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