Medulloblastoma

Presentation

Headache

Patient Data

Age: 7 years
Gender: Female
MRI

A well defined right cerebellar soft tissue mass lesion exhibiting hypointense signal in T1 WI and hyperintense signal in T2WI and FLAIR with marked heterogeneous and  enhancement in the post-contrast study with minimal diffusion restriction with low ADC value.MRI spectroscopic study showing high choline level with marked reduction of NAA curve. The mass exerting mass effect upon the 4th ventricle and mildly dilated supratentorial ventricles and there is also some degree of trans ependymal migration of CSF surrounding the ventricles on T2/FLAIR sequence.

Additionally, there is also leptomeningeal seeding (best seen in the superior cerebellum) that is well seen n the sagittal T1 with contrast.

Case Discussion

Although histological confirmation is not available in this case, a medulloblastoma is felt to be by far the most likely diagnosis.

Medulloblastomas are the most common malignant brain tumour of childhood. They most commonly present as midline masses in the roof of the 4th ventricle with associated mass effect and hydrocephalus. 

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Case information

rID: 51953
Case created: 15th Mar 2017
Last edited: 20th Mar 2017
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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