Melorheostosis

Case contributed by Dr Yasser Asiri

Presentation

Knee pain

Patient Data

Age: 50 years
Gender: Female
X-ray

Irregular eccentric cortical thickening involving the medial aspect of the right femur with intramedullary extension and giving the appearance of dripping candle wax consistent with melorheostosis. There are bilateral osteoarthritic changes more pronounced on the left. 

Case Discussion

Melorheostosis is a hyperostosis commonly affecting the long bones in a sclerotome distribution. The dripping candle wax sign is classic for melorheostosis and describes the thickened and irregular cortex. This bone dysplasia is usually asymptomatic and seen incidentally on radiographs, as in this patient who has been followed up for knee osteoarthritis.

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Case information

rID: 64793
Published: 11th Dec 2018
Last edited: 14th Aug 2019
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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