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Mesenteric desmoid tumor

Case contributed by Dr Michael P Hartung

Presentation

Evaluation of incidental abdominal mass.

Patient Data

Age: 40 years
Gender: Female
CT

Small oval central mid mesenteric mass with well-circumscribed borders. 

Cardiomegaly with small pericardial effusion. Feeding tube. Multifocal R>L renal cortical scaring. Small ascites. 

Ultrasound-guided biopsy

Rounded mesenteric mass approximated to the body wall with manual pressure, displacing the overlying small bowel loops. Center of mass measures 10 cm with the probe guide in place. Mass successfully biopsied. 

Case Discussion

The small mass underwent ultrasound-guided biopsy which confirmed a diagnosis of demoed-type fibromatosis. 

It might surprise you that this can be safely biopsied with ultrasound given the relatively deep position in the mesentery. However, the small bowel loops can often be displaced away from the mass/body wall with gentle compression, essentially bringing the mass up to the body wall. Careful inspection for any peristalsing loops of bowel can be made before advancing the biopsy device. In you are highly concerned by this, a biopsy device can safely pass through small bowel if needed (20 gauge or smaller is recommenced; note that traversing large bowel is higher risk and prep and antibiotics may be considered 1). Thus, ultrasound is actually much safer for this type of biopsy than CT, which would not be safe in this case. 

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Case information

rID: 75296
Published: 24th Mar 2020
Last edited: 24th Mar 2020
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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