Metal-on-metal pseudotumour

Case contributed by Dr Jan Frank Gerstenmaier

Presentation

This patient with a history of bilateral total hip replacements presented with right hip pain and restricted ROM.

Patient Data

Age: 65
Gender: Male
X-ray

Bilateral bipolar hip replacements in satisfactory postiion without evidence of stem loosening or failure on either side. No acute fracture or dislocation. Old right pubic rami fractures.

Ultrasound

B-mode ultrasound demonstrates a large (10cm) heterogenous mass around the right THR. There is no internal colour Doppler signal.

There is a small (<2cm) fluid collection at the level of the acetabulum. 

No abnormality was seen at the left hip.

MRI

MARS (metal artifact reduction sequence)

An attempt was made to obtain post contrast images, however the patient was extremely claustrophobic and as a result these images were not obtained.

There is marked, lobular mass-like thickening of the synovium of the right hip.  Corresponding to the ultrasonographic findings, this extends over approximately 11 cm in craniocaudal direction, and approximately 7 cm in transverse diameter.  The synovium measures up to 1.8 cm in thickness.  It is predominantly of intermediate signal intensity on T1 and T2-weighted imaging, while its inner margin is of extremely low signal on all of the sequences.  A small amount of fluid remains in the synovial cavity.  

There is also a 1.8 x 1.2 cm fluid collection lateral to the hip, at the level of the acetabulum, as demonstrated on ultrasound.  There is complete fatty atrophy of the adductor muscles.  The known right superior pubic ramus fracture is obscured by artefact from the cobalt acetabular component of the prosthesis. 

Incidental note is made of the presence of moderate sigmoid diverticulosis and of bilateral S2 Tarlov cysts.

Case Discussion

MR and US confirm the presence of a pseudotumour secondary to extensive, mass-like thickening of the synovium of the right hip.  The low signal returned from the deep aspect of the synovium is consistent with synovial metallosis.

A MARS (metal artifact reduction sequence) may be necessary to make the abnormality visible in cases of smaller pseudotumours.

See also:

PlayAdd to Share

Case information

rID: 22744
Case created: 20th Apr 2013
Last edited: 20th Feb 2016
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

Updating… Please wait.
Loadinganimation

Alert accept

Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.