Multiple sclerosis - marked brain volume loss
Known long date history of a demyelinating condition.
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Multiple white matter T2/FLAIR hyperintense regions are noted, in keeping with the known diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. These have remained stable in appearance and number, with no definite new lesions identified, and no abnormal restricted diffusion. No intra or extra-axial collection or mass.
Brain volume is globally reduced.
3 case question available
In our institution, this protocol is performed without post contrast sequences. New lesions can be spotted by comparison of the volumetric FLAIR sequences from the current and previous studies.
Additionally, a MIP axial FLAIR is created as a fast track comparison of gross white matter lesion changes. The colorful sagittal volumetric acquisition represents the standard deviations of the volume of different cerebral regions compared to a control group in the same age range. It is a simple way to spot the diffuse and marked global brain atrophy in this patient.