Normal time-resolved venogram

Case contributed by Frank Gaillard


Headaches for investigation.

Patient Data

Age: 20 years
Gender: Female

Normal time-resolved MR venogram. 

Case Discussion

Time resolved MRA / MRV is implemented by most vendors with differing acronyms: 

  • GE: TRICKS ("Time-Resolved Imaging of Contrast KineticS")
  • Hitachi: TRAQ ("Time-Resolved AcQuisition")
  • Philips: 4D-TRAK ("4D Time-Resolved Angiography using Keyhole")
  • Siemens: TWIST ("Time-resolved angiography With Stochastic Trajectories")
  • Toshiba: Freeze Frame. 

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