Occipital meningoencephalocele

Case contributed by Dr Vinay V Belaval

Presentation

Occipital swelling since birth.

Patient Data

Age: 8 months
Gender: Male
MRI

Brain

MRI brain shows midline occipital bony defect (1.9 x 1.6 cm) with herniation of cerebellar vermis and portion of left cerebellar hemisphere through the defect. The herniated brain parenchyma is surrounded by large CSF intensity fluid collection (9 x 11 x 9 cm). These features are consistent with large occipital meningoencephalocele.

There is traction on posterior fossa structures with anteroposterior elongation of fourth ventricle, resulting in moderate bilateral lateral and third ventricular dilatation. 

MRI

Whole spine

Low lying tethered cord is noted, tethered to the posterior surface of L5 spinal canal. No mass lesion is noted at the level of tethering. 

Case Discussion

Occipital encephalocele and meningoencephaloceles can occur in isolation or can be part of syndromes, like Meckel-Gruber syndrome. Early antenatal detection can be done with careful transverse sweeps across the fetal skull.

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Case information

rID: 79290
Published: 23rd Jun 2020
Last edited: 27th Jun 2020
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included
Institution: Belcity Scan and Diagnostic Centre

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