Open tibia and fibula fracture

Case contributed by Dr Shailaja Muniraju

Presentation

Road traffic accident. Child bought unconscious with profuse bleeding from the left lower leg.

Patient Data

Age: 7 years
Gender: Male
X-ray

There are comminuted segmental fractures of the upper/mid third of tibia and fibula.

Photo

Clinical photo

This picture shows the tibial shaft exposed externally. High grade soft tissue laceration also noted.

X-ray

Post operative study

Postoperative fixation with titanium elastic nails system (TENs) in situ. Also seen are antibiotic-loaded beads. Soft tissue thickening noted.

X-ray

Four weeks later

The fractured ends shows mild sclerosis, suggestive of early callous formation.

Also the post operative fixation and antibiotic beads insitu. 

In particular, no features of osteomyelitis.

Limb in plaster of paris.

Case Discussion

This is a case of paediatric open tibia and fibular fracture.

Tibia particularly has poor remodelling ability, hence prone for later deformities. This calls for regular follow-up imaging.

Antibiotic beads are pharmaceutical grade calcium sulphate loaded with antibiotics (here it was vancomycin). These beads are removed in a particular time frame (days-to-weeks), decided by the orthopedic surgeon. However if postponed, they get consolidated into the callous formation. 

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Case information

rID: 49420
Case created: 23rd Nov 2016
Last edited: 25th Dec 2016
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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