Orbital dermoid cyst - sack of marbles sign

Case contributed by Dr Ammar Haouimi

Presentation

Painless right orbital swelling since childhood.

Patient Data

Age: 30 years
Gender: Female

There is a well-defined right orbital cystic mass of supraocular location with heterogeneous hypoechoic echotexture containing numerous small echogenic areas giving the typical sack of marbles signThe video shows the mobile content of the cyst.

 

 

 

There is a well-defined right orbital mass of extraconal supraocular location, measuring 28 x 25 x 18 mm. Il elicits a homogeneous high signal on T1/T2 and FLAIR, attenuated on fat sat sequences with no enhancement following IV contrast. A mass effect is noted on the globe and superior rectus muscle which are displaced inferiorly and lacrymal gland which is displaced laterally. 

Case Discussion

Ultrasound and MRI features are highly suggestive of an orbital dermoid cyst with a "sack of marbles sign"

The "sack of marbles sign", also known as the marbles in a bag sign, corresponds to aggregations of multiple small globules of fat within a cyst mimicking marble spheres within a sack. They appear hyperechoic on ultrasound within the hypoechoic content of the cyst, fat attenuation on CT, and high signal on T1WI and T2WI on MRI. It is considered highly suggestive of a dermoid cyst.

 

Additional contributor: C. Boukaaba, MD

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Case information

rID: 83352
Published: 21st Oct 2020
Last edited: 23rd Oct 2020
System: Head & Neck
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included
Institution: Aurès Medical Imaging Center - Batna Algeria

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