Ovarian vein thrombosis

Case contributed by Michael P Hartung
Diagnosis certain


Dull abdominal pain.

Patient Data

Age: 70 years
Gender: Female

The uterus shows a few punctate calcifications, likely vascular. Intrauterine device in situ. There are pelvic varices. The right gonadal vein is slightly dilated with a central low-attenuation filling defect which extends cranially almost to its junction with the IVC. The left gonadal vein is patent.

Case Discussion

While this case is certainly not mind-blowing, it is a very nice example of thrombosis of the right gonadal/ovarian vein: a dilated vein with a central low-attenuation filling defect. This likely accounted for the patient's presentation with dull abdominal pain. It would have been possible to miss this finding if the radiologists had not seen a few such cases in the past. Much of being a successful radiologist is knowing the imaging appearance of the basic anatomy you learned in medical school: the right gonadal vein goes to the IVC and the left gonadal vein to the renal vein. 

Gonadal vein thrombosis is frequently managed with anticoagulation like deep vein thrombosis of the limbs, as the patient is at risk for pulmonary embolism if left untreated.

How to use cases

You can use Radiopaedia cases in a variety of ways to help you learn and teach.

Creating your own cases is easy.

Updating… Please wait.

 Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

 Thank you for updating your details.