Pancake kidney illustration
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The illustration depicts a completely fused renal mass which is situated anterior to the bifurcation of the abdominal aorta. Vascular supply to a pancake kidney may be grossly abnormal with multiple vessels traveling from the common iliac vessels or lower aorta/ivc to various locations in the kidney.
Pancake kidney as described above.
- Kaufman MH, Findlater GS. An unusual case of complete renal fusion giving rise to a 'cake' or 'lump' kidney. J. Anat. 2001;198 (Pt 4): 501-4. Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation
- Eckes D, Lawrence P. Bilateral iliac artery aneurysms and pancake kidney: a case report. J. Vasc. Surg. 1997;25 (5): 927-30. Pubmed citation