Patent ductus arteriosus

Case contributed by Henry Knipe


Shortness of breath.

Patient Data

Age: 3 years
Gender: Female

Cardiomegaly with an enlarged pulmonary outflow tract. Levocardia. No pulmonary plethora although the central vascular markings are prominent. No pleural effusions. Lungs are clear. 


Sternotomy wires and clip in the region of the aortic arch. Cardiomegaly with prominent main pulmonary trunk. 

Case Discussion

Patent ductus arteriosus is a congenital cardiac anomaly where there is persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus, a normal connection of the fetal circulation between the aorta and the pulmonary artery. It normally closes 24-48 hours after birth, and its persistence can lead to a left-to-right shunt. 

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