Pelvic congestion syndrome
Chronic pelvic pain and dysmenorrhea
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Features consistent with pelvic congestion syndrome in a 30-year-old female with dysmenorrhea.
The diagnosis of pelvic congestion syndrome is established by the demonstration of multiple dilated, tortuous parauterine veins with a width >4 mm or an ovarian vein diameter >8 mm 1.
- Haaga JR, Boll D. CT and MRI of the whole body. Mosby. (2009) ISBN:0323053750. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- Umeoka S, Koyama T, Togashi K et-al. Vascular dilatation in the pelvis: identification with CT and MR imaging. Radiographics. 24 (1): 193-208. doi:10.1148/rg.241035061 - Pubmed citation
- Venbrux AC, Chang AH, Kim HS et-al. Pelvic congestion syndrome (pelvic venous incompetence): impact of ovarian and internal iliac vein embolotherapy on menstrual cycle and chronic pelvic pain. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2002;13 (2 Pt 1): 171-8. - Pubmed citation