Citation, DOI and case data
Chronic renal failure patient in dialysis. Swelling at the site of upper arm AVF.
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Large saccular swelling measuring 3.5cm in the upper left arm.
Turbulent Doppler flow within. The color Doppler demonstrates an appearance like that of Pepsi.
The Pepsi sign occurs on color Doppler in the context of bidirectional flow from a false (pseudo) or a true aneurysm.
The appearance explains the origin of the name like that of a popular brand of carbonated drink.