Pericardial agenesis

Case contributed by Sean Huggins

Presentation

Known congenital pericardial agenesis on the left side, confirmed during surgery 8 years prior for an ascending aortic aneurysm (secondary to a bicuspid aortic valve.) A supracoronary ascending aorta replacement graft was performed at the time. Current imaging was performed to rule out a source of peripheral emboli.

Patient Data

Age: 35 years
Gender: Male
CT

Heart in levoposition with the apex positioned posteriorly. Contrast can be seen entering the left atrium from the pulmonary veins, passing into the left ventricle, and leaving through the ascending aortic graft (sternotomy wires also present). A floating thrombus can be seen in the ascending aorta. 

Case Discussion

The patient was later placed on anticoagulation for treatment of the thrombus with follow-up scheduled in 3 months time to assess for resolution.

Pericardial agenesis is caused by defective development of the pleuropericardial membranes. Congenital pericardial agenesis is usually asymptomatic and discovered incidentally. Patients may present with a right bundle branch block on EKG, poor R wave progression, and prominent P waves. Complete pericardial agenesis has the best prognosis whereas partial agenesis may leave opportunity for herniation of tissues. Intervention should only be considered if complications of the defect are present.

This case was submitted with supervision and input from:

M. Attrach, M.D.
Cardiovascular Radiologist
Erasmus Medical Center
Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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Case information

rID: 55292
Published: 3rd Sep 2017
Last edited: 2nd Jan 2020
System: Cardiac, Chest
Inclusion in quiz mode: Excluded

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