Pericardial effusion

Case contributed by Dr Vincent Tatco


Progressive exercise intolerance and shortness of breath.

Patient Data

Age: 40
Gender: Female
Modality: X-ray

There is markedly enlarged cardiac silhouette with sagging appearance of its margins on both sides resulting to a water bottle configuration

Modality: Annotated image

Annotated image demonstrating the water bottle sign.

Author: Vincent Tatco

License: CC-NC-BY-SA

Case Discussion

This case is an echocardiographically proven massive pericardial effusion presenting with the "water bottle sign" on chest radiography. The fluid-filled pericardial sac casts a cardiac silhouette that resembles an old-fashioned leather water bottle. 

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Case Information

rID: 43323
Case created: 4th Mar 2016
Last edited: 16th May 2016
Systems: Cardiac, Chest
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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