Periosteal desmoid

Case contributed by Dr Domenico Nicoletti

Presentation

Pain for about three months without trauma.

Patient Data

Age: 6 years
Gender: Male
X-ray

Knee frontal radiogragh shows bilaterally a well-defined, eccentric lucency of the distal medial femoral metaphysis. Lateral radiograph demonstrates a focal cortical irregularity (yellow arrow) in the posterior aspect of the distal femoral metaphysis with adjacent periostitis.

MRI

MRI left knee

Axial MRI shows posteromedial cortical irregularity with associated periosteal reaction. Sagittal MRI localizes the defect to the femoral origin of the gastrocnemius muscle (medial head).

Case Discussion

Distal femoral metaphyseal irregularity (cortical desmoid) is an irregular cortical margin with an associated lucency found in the posteromedial aspect of the distal femoral metaphysis. It is thought to be an avulsion off the medial supracondylar ridge of the distal femur. These lesions may or may not be associated with pain. They are primarily found in young boys. The lesions are often bilateral.

It is a tumor like lesion developed by repeated micro-trauma of the origin of distal fibers of adductor magnus and aponeurotic origin of the medial head of gastrocnemius.

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Case information

rID: 70129
Published: 3rd Aug 2019
Last edited: 14th Aug 2019
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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