Periosteal reaction from venous stasis

Case contributed by Laughlin Dawes
Diagnosis probable

This leg x-ray shows periosteal reaction around tibia and fibula. There is also soft tissue calcification medial to the tibia. 

Case Discussion

This patient had chronic venous disease of the lower limbs, and the soft tissue calcification probably represents phleboliths within varicose veins.

The causes of bilaterally symmetrical smooth periosteal reaction include:

  • hypertrophic osteoarthropathy
  • pachydermoperiostitis
  • vascular insufficiency
  • thyroid acropachy
  • fluorosis

Periosteal reaction due to venous stasis is typically solid and undulating and initially separated from the cortex, as in this case.

Image contributed by Dr Laughlin Dawes.

How to use cases

You can use Radiopaedia cases in a variety of ways to help you learn and teach.

Creating your own cases is easy.

Updating… Please wait.

 Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

 Thank you for updating your details.