Peroneal tendon dislocation

Case contributed by Dr Stan Buckens

Presentation

Persisting lateral ankle pain after trauma.

Patient Data

Age: 55 years
Gender: Male

X-ray 6 weeks after trauma

Modality: X-ray

A-P ankle radiograph showing no fracture but an oblong, well-corticated ossification lateral to the lateral malleolus and ossification caudal of the medial malleolus. ​

MRI several months after trauma

Modality: MRI

MRI of the left ankle showing a dislocated luxated peroneus brevis tendon with an overlying ossification at the height of the lateral malleolus and thickening and high signal in the superior peroneal retinaculum. No apparent tear or tendinopathy was present in the peroneal tendons. 

Technetium-99 Diphosphonate SPECT-CT one year after trauma

Modality: Nuclear medicine

Axial CT and fused SPECT-CT showing no increased bone turnover in the region of the dislocated peroneal tendons and no alternative site of increased bone turnover that might correspond with lateral pain. Note the course of the peroneal tendons on the contralateral, unaffected foot and the flat peroneal groove bilaterally. 

Case Discussion

This patient presented to the orthopedic surgeon 6 weeks after trauma to the left ankle, where the ankle briefly had become stuck between two cars. He complained of pain and weakness on the lateral side of the foot. 

Initial radiographs showed an oblong ossification in soft tissue swelling lateral of the lateral malleolus. MRI several months later showed a lateral dislocation of the peroneal tendons and a markedly flat peroneal groove (a configuration thought to predispose to luxation). 

Finally a bone scan with a SPECT-CT visualized both feet, showing persistent asymmetry in the peroneal tendon courses, flat peroneal concavities bilaterally and no increased bone turnover that might explain the symptoms.    

This case is somewhat unusual in that there is a persistent, chronic luxation of the peroneus brevis tendon. After failure of the superior peroneal retinaculum, recurrent (sub)luxations can also been seen, typically on ultrasound. The markedly flat peroneal grooves this patient possesses might play a role in his pathology. 

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Case Information

rID: 39211
Case created: 25th Aug 2015
Last edited: 30th Aug 2015
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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